Scopolamine and Mind Control

Scopolamine and Mind Control:

Intelligence Agencies and The Search for an All-Subversive Agent
Scopolamine and Mind Control

In the 1970’s all hell broke loose when an article in The New York Times surfaced about the CIA’s Project MKULTRA human mind-control program. This was a program to study how the human mind can be subverted, manipulated, incapacitated, wiped clean, or exploited as a technique of war.  The project was carried out on unwitting civilian test subjects through the use of drugs, hypnosis, sexual abuse, sensory deprivation, and torture. This began in the late 1950’s and carried on through the 60’s and early 70’s. And although they claimed it stopped there, this should mean little coming from the organization that is structured on the art of deception. Almost all of the research and documentation has probably been either hidden away or destroyed lest its crimes exposed and its names prosecuted.

Scopolamine and Mind ControlMost of what the public knows about MKULTRA, if much at all, would say “it was about LSD and the search for a truth serum.” but the well-informed members of society and researchers out there understand MKULTRA was a covert mind-control program that sought about exploiting and abusing unwitting citizens to produce effects and actions against the will of that individual, against the law of the land, and in certain times even at the cost of life itself.

Scopolamine and Mind Control
Dr. Ewen Cameron

MKULTRA experimentation was carried out in many facilities across the United States, but some of the most inhumane experimentation happened on Canadian soil, at the Allen Memorial Institute, in Montreal. Headed by a Dr. Ewen Cameron, a prestigious Psychiatrist and at one time a president of the American Psychiatric Association. Many of the unwitting participants had checked into the hospital for something treatable, only to have their whole life destroyed and forever traumatized by these horrific experiments.

From a little research utilizing the extensive literature out there on MKULTRA, with similar programs like ARTICHOKE, MKOFTEN, MKDELTA, and its many other names, it is clear that their interest in drugs mainly had to do with isolating and fine tuning substances for such uses as:

A) Subversion/Mind-control

An agent that could create the highest suggestibility, having a subject without question act in a way contrary to his/her individual will, against their own safety, and preferably hidden in a state of amnesia upon awakening.

B) Incapacitating Agent

An agent that could completely incapacitate one from performing duties or daily activities from anywhere from hours to days.

C) Truth Serum

An agent that could create a state where the ability to lie is not withstanding and the known information is withdrawn accurately without much effort.

The full spectrum of the avenues covered by drugs in mind-control programs were listed as:

  1. Substances which will promote illogical thinking and impulsiveness to the point where the recipient would be discredited in public.
  2. Substances which increase the efficiency of mentation and perception.
  3. Materials which will cause the victim to age faster/slower in maturity.
  4. Materials which will promote the intoxicating effect of alcohol.
  5. Materials which will produce the signs and symptoms of recognized diseases in a reversible way so that they may be used for malingering, etc.
  6. Materials which will cause temporary/permanent brain damage and loss of memory.
  7. Substances which will enhance the ability of individuals to withstand privation, torture and coercion during interrogation and so-called “brain-washing”.
  8. Materials and physical methods which will produce amnesia for events preceding and during their use.
  9. Physical methods of producing shock and confusion over extended periods of time and capable of surreptitious use.
  10. Substances which produce physical disablement such as paralysis of the legs, acute anemia, etc.
  11. Substances which will produce a chemical that can cause blisters.
  12. Substances which alter personality structure in such a way that the tendency of the recipient to become dependent upon another person is enhanced.
  13. A material which will cause mental confusion of such a type that the individual under its influence will find it difficult to maintain a fabrication under questioning.
  14. Substances which will lower the ambition and general working efficiency of men when administered in undetectable amounts.
  15. Substances which promote weakness or distortion of the eyesight or hearing faculties, preferably without permanent effects.
  16. A knockout pill which can surreptitiously be administered in drinks, food, cigarettes, as an aerosol, etc., which will be safe to use, provide a maximum of amnesia, and be suitable for use by agent types on an ad hoc basis.
  17. A material which can be surreptitiously administered by the above routes and which in very small amounts will make it impossible for a person to perform physical activity.

Historically, I will point out that scopolamine has been employed to carry out most if not all of these agendas in some form or another at differing times and places, long before the CIA began its infamous mind-control program at the start of the Cold War.

Part I: secrets on the outside

From the earliest of times, the tropane-based nightshade plants have been used in chemical warfare, and criminal poisoning to manipulate or greatly reduce a target’s ability to function in that setting. In the past, soldiers from other armies would be lured into drinking wine laced with henbane, mandrake, or deadly nightshade, only to be left wandering about as rambling, incoherent idiots. An example of this being Antony’s Army in the Parthian Wars. The solanaceous plants were some of the earliest known forms of chemical warfare and poisoning used in the fine art of war.

the tropane alkaloids (atropine, scopolamine, hyoscyamine) have an extremely versatile role in cultures worldwide. They can heal the body of everyday ailments, they can ease suffering, they can be used for deep sleep in painful situations like bone-setting, and they can also kill. As they were used for spiritual and divine purposes by the shaman and witch-doctor alike, they were also used to carry out dirty and deceptive deeds as well.

On the one hand, someone could argue that the tropanes are far too incapacitating with too many nasty side effects that make it difficult to work on a subject. The ‘delirium’ would make one uncooperative, irrational, and full of nonsensical communication. Nothing could get done, and would be shrugged off as useless…

On the other hand, could the delirium be reduced and controlled by dosage while also bringing through the submissive, zombie-like state that renders one capable of control? Could it be possible for someone to have you drugged, take control and coerce you into actions against that which you would ever think to do otherwise while in this state? Think about being in a blackout drunken stupor and led into doing foolish things by party-goers and you start to understand where I am going with this. With such high suggestibility the subject could be extremely malleable. Taking control of such an individual would not be so out of question.

One thing to consider among the use of tropane alkaloids in application for use in a military setting, there are over 500 variations and derivatives of the original 3 most known tropanes available from the plant material. With this in mind, fine tuning the substance has probably had an amazing run in a classified setting, with plenty of time to get it right.

Scopolamine and Mind Control
Brugmansia: A common source of scopolamine in Latin America

In Latin American culture, the criminal use of scopolamine is a real threat to many ordinary people living there. There are reports of people unwittingly swept under its spell by drugging and will empty their bank accounts, give all their furniture away,  passcodes, Bank account numbers, credit cards, anything of value.

In one case there was a woman in Bogota, Columbia who last remembers riding a city bus with her newborn baby. Three days later she awakens in a hospital after being found badly beaten and wandering around topless on the median strip of a busy highway. “When I woke up in the hospital, I asked for my baby and nobody said anything. They just looked at me.” Her baby was nowhere to be found.  Police believed that she was drugged with scopolamine and her baby was taken by gang members involved in the trafficking of infants.

It might be hard to believe that a mother would actually give up her baby to strangers, some would say impossible. But under the spell of scopolamine it can happen very easily. This is because once the confusion takes control she is immediately thrown into a state similar to a blackout drunk. She is unaware of her present life, what she was just doing, where she was going, who she was with, who is a danger from who is not. They may ask her to hand over the baby, and while obliviously handing him over she is unable to connect the dots that she is actually giving away her own child. As she is not able to rationalize or account for her actions and responsibilities, she cannot see the gravity of her situation either- That her son is out of her arms and gone forever.

Scopolamine also made headlines in the 1920’s as a ‘truth serum’ when a man by the name of Dr. Robert House, an obstetrician, discovered scopolamine as a means to extract information out of people. He was very much opposed to a criminal’s constitutional rights being used to cover his tracks and thought this would be the glue to getting more convictions and letting go of those who were falsely accused but actually innocent. Scopolamine was the answer. As he stated in his some of his articles concerning scopolamine:

Scopolamine will depress the cerebrum to such a degree as to destroy the power of reasoning. Events stored in the cerebrum as memory can be obtained by direct stimulation of the centers of hearing.

Scopolamine and Mind Control
Dr. House administering scopolamine to an inmate in a Texas jail in 1932

My attention was first attracted to this peculiar phenomenon September 7, 1916, while conducting a case of labor under the influence of scopolamine. We desired to weigh the baby, and inquired for the scales. The husband stated that he could not find them. The wife, apparently sound asleep, spoke up and said, ‘They are in the kitchen on a nail behind the picture.” The fact that this woman suffered no pain and did not remember when her child was delivered, yet could answer correctly a question she had overheard, appealed to me so strongly that I decided to ascertain if that in reality were another function of scopolamine. In a confinement case you find your dosage by engaging the patient in conversation, to note the memory test. Hence my investigation was a simple matter. I observed that, without exception, the patient always replied with the truth. The uniqueness of the results obtained from a large number of cases examined was sufficient to prove to me that I could make anyone tell the truth on any question.

All this is very telling because thus far we are able to ascertain how a drug like scopolamine can:

A) Induce a state where the victim will give anything away, even her most precious baby boy, without having any misgivings about it at the time. Without rationale or thinking of consequence.

B) Act on the brain in such a way that when under the influence of scopolamine the subject is unaware of the need to deceive, and likely to respond truthfully with what they know in regards to a question asked. 

Understand that these two characteristics make a perfect setting for control of the mind and it has already displayed a wide spectrum of application long before the official search for such a drug began in Project MKULTRA. Perhaps the LSD was not the main attraction within the walls of MKULTRA…

Part II: secrets on the inside

Unfortunately, because of the nature of classified information, and especially so with the Central Intelligence Agency, much of what took place in project MKULTRA, MKDELTA, MKNOAMI, MKOFTEN, MKSEARCH, ARTICHOKE, and the rest of the mind-control operations of the early days of mind control have thankfully been pieced together by whistle-blowers, Statements and letters written by personnel, documentaries, scandals, lawsuits, and victim testimonies. The truth of the matter is that hardly anything came to light from FOIA requests and what little did was almost certainly ‘damage control’, geared towards refuting any progress made as ineffective and inconclusive. On top of that, Many of the actual files and secrets of CIA mind-control operations have been destroyed as scandal came to light before the Church Committee of the U.S. Congress in 1975. The nature of what took place to procure the results was as criminal as it was inhumane.

My analysis will not give conclusive proof as to whether or not they found what they were looking for. My job here is to simply present what information I can find on a ghostly subject matter enshrouded in mystery and ‘national security’. To show you that all of this has already been done  throughout history, to some degree or another, using scopolamine. Drugs like LSD, PCP, and various other psychoactive substances all played a part in forming a database and recipe book on the manipulation of the human mind as far as drugs are concerned. But what I am saying is that as far as a single substance capable of such nefarious purpose and complete subversion of the human mind is concerned, scopolamine is the elite.

The concept of creating a ‘Manchurian Candidate’ assassin has been brought up again and again throughout the last few decades. This was using torture, drugs, and hypnotic suggestion to create a killer to be used later on activated by triggers, being words or actions to activate hypnosis. I will not tread too deeply in this direction other than to say that it is certainly reasonable to assume its possibility. Given that hypnosis is truly an art of its own, and on its own gets results. The CIA would have most certainly employed the best of the best in hypnotists. When combined with the addition of drugs and torture in a person affected by Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, it would certainly be a plausible scenario.

MKOFTEN was the joint venture of the Department of Defense and CIA’s covert operations into the Occult and employed a high number of men and women skilled as black magicians, satanists, sorcerers, clairvoyants, palm-readers, fortune-tellers, astrologists, psychics, mediums, demonologists, witches, warlocks, and other Occult-practitioners. While many of my readers also practice in these fields, its efficacy and effectiveness in everyday living hardly needs pointing out. There have been a number of African Traditional Religions religions as well as European and Indian practices that use tropane alkaloids in their systems. The Occult is not a mere superstition, but a system of using the will along with the ancient understanding and study of psychology. The human mind and how it works. Mainstream science can laugh this off, but military intelligence knows better…

The mind-control/subversion aspect of scopolamine is pretty straight forward. In Latin America, it has already been displayed on a massive scale in criminal activity and hospital staff are well aware of this fact. The induced confusion and invasive stupor caused by this compound renders one extremely docile and childlike in ability to withstand outside influence. It is not so much of not having ANY free will, but the lack of ability to withstand forceful demands while being blindsided and confused. Understanding how the CIA utilized it is not so much about reading actual declassified documents as it is ‘connecting the dots’ from other people and places using it for such nefarious means.

Smoking phantom cigarettes on BZJames S. Ketchum, M.D., Author of Chemical Warfare: Secrets Almost forgotten, gave us some invaluable information on some of the ways solanaceous compounds work because of his time working in chemical weapons for the ARMY in the 50’s and 60’s testing a synthetic atropine-derivative called 3-quiniclidinyl benzilate, or simply, BZ. Unlike MKULTRA, This was a voluntary ARMY program where soldiers could test out drugs or chemicals for the ARMY in a controlled setting with medical staff in return for certain perks and benefits like being able to spend time closer to family and such. BZ was given to soldiers who volunteered to be used as test subjects at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland in the 1960’s. They were not told what they would be given since it was Classified at the time. When testing out BZ they would be in a deep stupor for about 72 hours. These volunteers were not traumatized by the experience like you would think. In fact, some of the volunteers said they would do the test again:

In reality most volunteers did not consider incapacitation with BZ to be a seriously unpleasant experience, as long as good nursing and medical care was provided. It was pretty much like a lost weekend – 2-3 days of drunkenness, but quickly forgotten Surprisingly, many described a feeling of well-being following recovery. Both men were quite willing to repeat the test (another illustration of voluntary as opposed to “unwitting guinea pig” participation)

But still it became quite controversial and synonymous with the CIA’s MKULTRA as it came to light in the public view years later. This is heavily due to the fact that the media treated it as if it was being done against their consent when in fact this was not the case. These two programs were not related. Perhaps the CIA had access to some of the results of the work done here, but the ARMY program was geared towards military use against hostile enemies, not unsuspecting citizens.

There is a chapter in this book in the beginning where he goes over some of the history of the solanaceous compounds being used to incapacitate people in early wars before technology became so prevalent. A very important look at how these compounds have been used as incapacitating agents in ancient and modern times.

As far as scopolamine as ‘truth serum‘, Dr. House paved the way for such invasive means of getting it out of a person, which then went on to be used by some law enforcement back in the day. The CIA was well aware of this fact, as it was presented in declassified documents. Here was the reason they knew to find it in this particular avenue. But of course, we are told it was a dead end street. In one declassified document detailing scopolamine as ‘truth serum‘, the conclusion states:

Because of a number of undesirable side effects, scopolamine was shortly disqualified as a ‘truth’ drug. Among the most disabling of the side effects are hallucinations, disturbed perception, somnolence, and physiological phenomena such as headache, rapid heart, and blurred vision, which distract the subject from the central purpose of the interview. Furthermore, the physical action is long, far outlasting the psychological effects. Scopolamine continues, in some cases to make anesthesia and surgery safer by drying the mouth and throat and reducing secretions that might obstruct the air passages. But the fantastically, almost painfully, dry ‘desert’ mouth brought on by the drug is hardly conducive to free talking, even in a tractable subject.”

The conclusion here seems to take into consideration how the interrogated feel, as if the agency ever took that into account when strapping unwitting citizens to gurneys while giving them high dosages of LSD and playing repetitive phrases over and over for days. Not to mention instances of sexual assault, rape, and other methods of trauma and torture in attempts to subdue the human mind. What’s a little dry mouth or delirium? In my opinion, this is  damage control and downplaying the actual result, a common theme in countering leaks and whistle-blowers.

In 2007, a lecture by Dr. Larry Forness of the American Military University surfaced on Wikileaks on Terror, Interrogation, and Intelligence. This lecture “explains the rationale behind torturing prisoners, torture methods, and a justification for ignoring international law. Forness advocates the injection of truth serums, threatening to inject Muslim prisoners with pigs’ blood, and torturing detainees’ friends and family.” The most effective substance in procuring the truth from a subject? Scopolamine. As he describes and corroborates how the declassified document above amounts to complete horse shit:

Fallacy #4. These things called “truths serums” don’t really work.

They do work to varying degrees of success.

There are three primary truth serums.

Here they are.

Scopolamine (scopolamine hydrobromide; first word pronounced: skoh-PAW-lah-mean), also known by another name — hyoscine (hyoscine hydrobromide). It is colorless, odorless and tasteless. Its clinical uses are primarily as a sedative, and applied locally (directly) as a mydriatic, which causes the pupil of the eye to dilate. When used as a sedative, the primary uses are to combat vertigo and motion sickness. When used with morphine and pentobarbital, to a woman in labor, it produces a “twilight sleep.” It is also used as a premedication preliminary to surgery anesthesia.

Scopolamine and Mind Control
Scopolamine Injection for Interrogation in Modern Day Counter-terrorism

Since scopolamine completely blocks the formation of memories, unlike most date-rape drugs used in the United States and elsewhere, it is usually impossible for victims to ever identify their aggressors (or interrogators, if you were a prisoner).

To use scopolamine most effectively to get a prisoner to tell you what he or she knows, the key is where you inject it, and in what amounts. Normally it is introduced into the body by a transdermal patch or intravenously in the arm. However, if you inject it into the spine (amount classified), it causes absolutely incredible pain, accompanied by violent convulsions and seizures. If injected into the spine in the appropriate amount, more than 95% of all prisoners will tell the truth — not something fabricated to stop the pain — within 24 hours (Source: classified).

A far milder form of psychological abuse involves exposing prisoners (intravenously or orally) to sodium pentathol—commonly known as “truth serum.” Sodium pentathol is an ultra-short-acting barbiturate that depresses the central nervous system, slows heart rate, and lowers blood pressure. In the relaxed state produced by the drug, subjects are more susceptible to suggestion and are therefore easier to interrogate. The drug does not actually guarantee that prisoners will tell the truth, however. Often, it makes subjects “gabby” without revealing any important information.

Sodium amythal, also known as a type of “truth serum,” with its clinical application in psychoanalysis, is used primarily to help in memory recovery and dealing with “false” memories. If you can confuse the prisoner as to what is a real memory and what is a false memory, you might be able to crack their resistance to telling the truth. However, if the prisoner is smart, he or she will simply shut up and you’ll get nothing from them.

What is interesting is that a prisoner could have been subjected to a truth serum singularly, or two or three over enough time given the appropriate washout of the prisoner’s system, and flatly state that he or she did not tell his or her interrogators anything. From his or her perspective, he or she is telling the truth — because he or she has no memory of telling interrogators anything. That’s the truth in his or her own mind, but it is not the fact of the situation.

In terms of training individuals to resist the three aforementioned truth serums, it is easiest to train someone to resist the sodium amythal, followed by sodium pentathal. There is no known training that will allow anyone to resist scopolamine, when injected into the spine in the correct amount.

What you don’t want to do is “stack” scopolamine with sodium pentathal and sodium amythal. “Stacking” means adding one drug on top of another before the previous drug(s) has/have washed out of the system. You stack on somebody, you’ll kill them.

When time is not a consideration, and when used in conjunction with skilled interrogators on a prisoner who has not been trained to resist the effects, sodium pentathal and sodium amythal will get you the truth in approximately 10% to one third of the cases. When the truth absolutely positively has to be there within five days, forget them – use scopolamine injected into the spine.”

This is corroborated by both a book and an article written about a detainee at Guantanamo Bay, David Hicks.  In this article, US use of Truth Drug Revealed, states:

Scopolamine and Mind Control
David Hicks: Victim of Scopolamine and torture at Guantanamo Bay

New evidence has emerged that all Guantanamo Bay detainees, including David Hicks, were drugged involuntarily with a substance that has a long history as a truth serum.

Recently declassified US documents revealing medical procedures have shown that scopolamine was administered to all detainees taken to the Cuban detention centre.

The documents, which were standard operating procedures for nursing staff, were obtained by the independent US news outlet Truthout, and reveal that the rationale for the drug’s use on all detainees was to prevent motion sickness.

However, US military experts have said that scopolamine is not recommended for motion sickness because of its severe side effects.

Later in the article where the most telling line in corroboration to the Wikileaks lecture by Dr. Forness appears:

He said it was administered by injection, not a patch behind his ear as is described in the standard operating procedures.

It is wildly out of proportion and unprofessional for a medical team to be treating motion sickness with scopolamine injections. It would cost more and would not be as helpful as a patch that allows for continued delivery over the course of a few days.

Another Source confirms Forness’ lecture and using scopolamine for torture and interrogation:

“The amount of Scopolamine necessary is a minute amount. I am an ex U.S. Army Chemical Core officer and we handled the hazmat on this substance. With proper coercion the amount necessary is between 10 and 20 MG. This will cause a severe state of stupor and hallucinations. During this time however it is possible to interrogate the prisoner thoroughly due to the lack of there [sic] upper brain function during the time. The time the drug is most effective is between +2:30 hrs to +7:30 hrs.”

I have always gone with the assumption that the bulk of classified work and intelligence research always yields a lot more progress than we are claiming them to be, rather than to just meet our expectations of accomplishing what we thought they would. At the same time, the declassified documentations will go as far as to admit what they were working on but to refute it all as a dead end street that went nowhere, much like all of the official reports on MKULTRA and mind control.

But all you really have to do to find out what kind of results were made with scopolamine is to look at the history of scopolamine itself. This is one of the most ancient compounds in medicine. Always kept in the backdrop of society and culture but yet ever present. Such a little known compound but one of the most powerful. One of the most medicinal but one of the most toxic. One of the most telling substances on the globe, yet one of our biggest secrets. How’s that for a paradox?

 

Foreign Policy: Plausible Deniability – A song detailing the attitude and scope of MKUKLTRA and mind control I wrote in October 2016

 

Sources

Books:

Constantine, Alex. Virtual Government: CIA Mind Control Operations in America. Venice, CA: Feral House, 1997. Print.

Keith, Jim. Mind Control, World Control. Kempton, IL: Adventures Unlimited, 1997. Print.

Keith, Jim. Mass Control: Engineering Human Consciousness. Lilburn, GA: IllumiNet, 1999. Print.

Ketchum, James S. Chemical warfare secrets almost forgotten: a personal story of medical testing of Army volunteers with incapacitating chemical agents during the Cold War (1955-1975). Place of publication not identified: James S. Ketchum, 2006. Print.

Marks, John. The Search for the “Manchurian Candidate”: The CIA and Mind Control. New York: Times, 1979. Print.

newspapers/websites:

Drug Turns Crime Victims Into Zombies.” Drug Turns Crime Victims Into Zombies. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2016.

US Use of Truth Drug Revealed.” The Sydney Morning Herald. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2016.

Torture, Interrogation and IntelligenceWikileaks. N.p., 19 Dec. 2007. Web. 30 June 2016

The Use Of Scopolamine In Criminology.” Robert House. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jimsonweed: A Manson Family Recipe

Jimsonweed: A Manson Family Recipe

The Hidden Ingredient Behind the Creation of the Manson Cult & the Infamous Murders of the Late 1960’s
Jimsonweed and the Manson Family
Crime scene of the 1969 Manson murders

The summer of ’69 began a wave of fear into the minds of Americans as it closed the doors on good vibes from a decade of love and peace. The Age of Aquarius ushered in with cult-like status for a debauched, violent culture soon to come. The celebrity slaughter of actress Sharon Tate and the rest of the household at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles, California reads like the scene of a horror movie, as bodies lay strewn about the house and on the lawn. Pregnant Sharon Tate lay bound gagged and stabbed repeatedly to die in a pool of her own blood. Writing on the walls from the blood of the victims. Like a scene in Hollywood that had no set or stage and only its movies could match.

Leslie Van Houten
Leslie Van Houten

Charles Manson’s ‘Family’ was comprised of the muscle of then devil’s-rejects like Charles ‘Tex’ Watson, Paul Watkins, Bobby Beausoleil, and Steve Grogan. And Manson had among himself an heir of young high-school dropouts like Leslie Van Houten, Patricia Krenwinkle, Susan Atkins, and Linda Kasabian. Charles Manson, The self proclaimed savior and prophet, led his followers into a mind-controlled cult meaning conditioning took place through installation of fear, trauma, end times prophecy, preparation for war, and occult brainwashing.

Manson’s hold and the directing of his followers was not made over night. And it can be noted that although we see the side of a more emaciated, rambling madman, Manson had an intelligence that very few men have today. His ability to take control of a group of people, brainwash them with mind-control techniques, drugs, and trauma to carry out the slaughter of innocent people cannot be understated.

Jimsonweed and the Manson Family
Charles Manson brought into custody 1969

Charlie is what you would call a dominant 5% personality meaning 1 in 20 individuals even in the primate and animal world have the traits and personality to take control of a group and direct as leader.  This is usually accompanied by elements of sociopathic and psychopathic nature. When you have no empathy or remorse for taking advantage of people it allows you to hone in on controlling the collective of a group at the expense and suffering of its individual parts. 

Most people today who know a little about the Manson murders and his creation of a drug-crazed, Helter-Skelter cult was their use of LSD as a main component of the madness they were involved in. But what’s generally less known and perhaps more devastating than the LSD is their use of the deadly hallucinogenic deliriant Jimsonweed, which they had been mistakenly calling belladonna (although both have the same compounds and end result) . This would have greatly gone unnoticed but in the trial testimony of Paul Watkins, he describes the plant which is a sure match for jimsonweed:

“Q: When did you, Mr. Watkins, first become aware of belladonna?

A: When I was about 16 years old.

Q: Where?

A: In a Hopi Indian reservation in northeastern Arizona.

Q: Did you ever see belladonna while at the Spahn Ranch?

A: Yes.

Q: When?

A: In the spring of 1969 I went out and — I saw it along, because it grows all around there.

Q: What form does it take?

A: It takes a form of a green plant, but it has got heart-shaped leaves and big white lillies (sic)

Jimsonweed seed pods
“prickly balls” Watkins describes matches Datura, common in Arizona

Q: Some kind of a flower plant?

A: Big prickly balls.”

Clearly he is describing Jimsonweed in this testimony, otherwise known as Datura. The exact species is unknown. But I am going to bet that he was describing Datura discolor or Datura inoxia, Because of their pronounced heart-shaped leaves. Datura plants are fairly common plants in places like Arizona. It has also been recognized in some circles that the Hopi medicine men employed the use of this plant although it was probably much more widespread in earlier times.

Here is where the jimsonweed comes into play for the Manson Family. Charlie had a grudge against a man that had kicked him off his land. Naturally, Charlie had to get even. He then asked Paul Watkins if he knew where he could get a hold of some poison. Affirmative. Watkins finds the Jimsonweed, digs it up, brings it back and they begin making large amounts of tea.

Tex Watson leaves chewing a piece of the root and disappears for three days:

jimsonweed intoxication
Tex Watson Mugshot under the influence of jimsonweed

“I was hitchhiking and nearly crawling on my knees, and my mouth was foaming cotton, my body was sort of red and I fell down three or four times before I got the cycle cranked up and then I couldn’t stand. The last thing I remember was blaring down the road in the daytime…and the next thing I remember, the police were dragging me out of some car..in the valley. I was in Van Nuys Jail the next morning. Three guys in the cell jumped me and beat me up. They said I was very strong; they took me to the hospital to have my right eyebrow sewed up.”

When we look closely into Watson’s mugshot his pupils are extremely dilated which one would come to expect with an overdose of tropane alkaloids. Extreme mydriasis where the pupil is almost completely covering the iris. This is the hallmark signature of tropane intoxication.

Here we have the testimony of Paul Watkins on the story of jimsonweed (although they mistakenly call it belladonna) within the Manson Family:

Q: When did you, Mr. Watkins, first become aware of belladonna?

A: When I was about 16 years old.

Q: Where?

A: In a Hopi Indian reservation in northeastern Arizona.

Q: Did you ever see belladonna while at the Spahn Ranch?

A: Yes.

Q: When?

A: In the spring of 1969 I went out and — I saw it along, because it grows all around there.

Q: What form does it take?

A: It takes a form of a green plant, but it has got heart-shaped leaves and big white lillies (sic)

jimsonweed and the Manson Family
Datura stramonium ‘jimsonweed’

Q: Some kind of a flower plant?

A: Big prickly balls.

Q: What did you do with it?

A: Well, I used to dig it up, and it has roots that are like yams — and chop the roots up and make tea of the roots and drink the tea.

Q: You sort of brew it up, then?

A: Yeah.

Q: Was that done at Spahn Ranch, if you know?

A: Yes.

Q: On how many occasions?

A: On one occasion.

Q: Was that when you did it?

A: That’s when I did it.

Q: What year was this, or what month?

A: Spring of ’69.

Q: And where was it done at the ranch?

A: In the semi-trailer.

Q: Now, is the only way one takes the plant by brewing the roots?

A: By brewing the roots.

Q: Can you chew the root, too?

A: Yes.

Q: Did you ever do that?

A: Yes.

Q: On how many occasions?

A: A dozen occasions.

Q: Was that while you were around the ranch, also?

A: No, I never took it around the ranch. I only did it because they asked me to.

Q: Who asked you to?

A: Charlie asked me to.

Q: Manson?

A: Yes.

Q: Was there some sort of a group gathering when this was done?

A: Yes, people were watching what I was doing.

Q: Were you the one who was actually brewing it up?

A: Yes.

Q: I think you told us you had used it, what, a dozen times before this occasion; is that right?

A: I had used it about 20 times before that occasion.

Q: But 12 times by chewing the roots?

A: Approximately.

Q: And the rest by stewing or by brewing?

A: Drinking the tea or eating the seeds.

Q: What effect did it have on you?

A: Very, very, very strong drug effect.

Q: Like what?

A: Like, first noticeable effects are very, very thick saliva forming in your mouth, and you have a hard time swallowing.

Q: Is that saliva condition something you could call cotton mouth?

A: Yes, you just get a very bad cotton mouth and a very awful odor, then you get nauseous, really nauseated, that lasts for three or four hours, and then depending on the dose, it will lay the body down.

Q: In other words, you would pass out?

A: The trip will continue.

Q: How long does the trip continue?

A: Three days to a week.

Q: In lighter quantities, what happens short of passing out?

A: In the lighter quantities you could still walk around.

Q: Function?

A: Walk around and function.

Q: Did the drug have a tendency to dehydrate you, Mr. Watkins, if you know?

A: Belladonna?

Q: That is what I am talking about? Belladone.

A: Yes.

Q: You get very dehydrated?

A: Yes.

Q: Emaciated?

A: Emaciated?

Q: You know, kind of dried up?

A: Yes. You can say it emaciates you if you want to, I guess. I am not sure what that words means.

Q: Just being very dry?

A: I always carried a canteen whenever I would take that.

Q: To replenish what? The bodily fluids?

A: Yes.

Q: With water?

A: Yes.

Q: How often would you take it when you did take it?

A: One time I took it — it would vary. I would go on a binge and maybe take it every three or four days, in order to stay constantly on it. Spread it out over two or three weeks. Or I would take one very strong trip and then not take any for a few months, then take another one and not take any for a week. There was no pattern to how it was done.

Q: Is the effect pretty much the same, whether you drink the juice or chew the root?

A: Well, all except for the physical effect. If you chew the root, you get a root in your stomach that you are likely to throw up.

Q: Is the physical reaction to the drug the same?

A: Yes.

THE COURT: Would this be a good time to recess, Mr. Bubrick?

MR. BUBRICK: Yes.

THE COURT: Ladies and gentlemen of the jury we will recess at this time until 1:30. Once more, please heed the usual admonition.

CROSS-EXAMINATION (Resumed) BY MR. BUBRICK:

Q: Mr. Watkins, I think this noon when we broke we were talking about belladonna and you were telling us about the batch you were brewing up in Spahn Ranch.

Do you recall that?

A: Yeah, I recall that.

Q: And you said that it was being prepared in some sort of a tea form, something to drink, I take it?

A: Yes.

Q: Now, when that was being prepared, was Mr. Watson there, if you know?

A: Yes, he was there.

Q: And did you see him do anything about the belladonna you were using?

A: Yes.

Q: What did he do?

A: He took a chunk of root about three-quarters of an inch long and about an inch in diameter and walked off chewing on it.

Q: Did you see him again that day?

A: No, saw him three days later.

Q: Three days later?

A: Yes.

Q: And what, if anything, did you notice at that time?

A: I noticed that he was bruised, was cut from one end to the other and had a big blackened, red and blue eye, looked like he had been in a heck of a fight.

Q: Can you fix the time of the year that this occurred in?

A: Yeah, it would be spring of 1968 — no, ’69.

There is a question of whether or not they were on jimsonweed the night of the murders. I don’t believe they were and here’s why:

Tropane intoxication incapacitates the user. Carrying out anything in this state is next to impossible. Especially commands and instructions. Another problem they would have is keeping balance. As Tex said he was “nearly crawling on my knees”. The loss of coordination and balance is a common effect of the drug because the acetylcholine has been reduced to a state where the balance cannot be properly assimilated. This, in my opinion, would never work. I think it was used to sort of break them down and get them a little cooked up so they could be manipulated with ease.

It is important to remember that you can’t really blame drugs on the events that took place on that horrific summer of ’69. You have to understand that Charlie was using these as tools to gain a tight grip around his followers. Of course the media is going to blame the LSD. Mainly because LSD is on the list for the phony ‘War on Drugs’ so of course that will have to be brought to the surface, unjustly. They seemed to overlook the jimsonweed, and I think mostly because they have no idea what it is and what it can do

But I guess that’s how Lady Nightshade does it. She prefers to make her presence known in the most powerful ways and then after the smoke is cleared she blends into the backdrop undetected and back to the dark Underworld that is her kingdom…

Paul Watkins introduced Charlie to jimsonweed and from that point on Charlie utilized it with great efficacy to intensify the fear and trauma, cultivating an aura of unpredictability and instability, thereby making the ‘Family’ more controllable.

Then we get down to the after effects this drug. It is clear from Watkin’s testimony that they were using this stuff heavily and for long, drawn out periods. This would very likely result in some form of lingering psychosis and therefore much more suggestible by someone like Charlie Manson.

Charlie had a perfect tool to keep his followers in check…

jimsonweed & the Manson family
Jimsonweed: the Underworld botanical
Jimsonweed and the Manson family
Charles Manson: Cult Leader and Mind Manipulator

 

 

 

 

Lucid Nightmare: Tropane Alkaloids & Acetylcholine

Lucid Nightmare:

Tropane Alkaloids & Acetylcholine

Tropane Alkaloids - poisonpath.com

“I’ve done many psychedelics like acid, mushrooms, and DMT, but this was too real!” This is the hallmark and signature characteristic of tropane alkaloids when used by thrill-seekers for a “trip”. These alkaloids can bring a 360 degree change of scenery, lasting anywhere from 12-72 hours and in some cases up to a week or more. The aftermath can bring residual effects like vision problems, lingering hallucinations, and a variety of other cognitive deficiencies. On the other hand, used at just a slightly higher dose can spell death. Sometimes a permanent psychosis can even plague a surviving individual from there on out. Lady Nightshade plays hard and many times for keeps!

At this point you may be asking yourself:

  • How can these compounds bring such vivid hallucinations?
  • What is it about these compounds that cause so much devastation to the body and brain?

I have spent a fair amount of time in the last year trying to pin down exactly how these compounds go to work on the brain and why they can be so dangerous. (I am not a student of science or medicine so please don’t hold it against me if any of my terminology appears out of place.)

Anyway, after countless hours piecing it all together, I am going to try and explain it in the simplest of terms so that you can understand it as much as humanly possible. I will do my best to avoid  mistakes, misinterpretations, and so on.  I have never really had just one article to get an all-inclusive, full spectrum explanation of the effects of the tropane alkaloids (scopolamine, atropine, and hyoscyamine) and how they go to work in the brain. Hopefully my research and subsequent explanation will do some justice here.

Before we explain this, however, I need to explain a vital neurotransmitter and part of the brain that allows us to keep our system operating to run smoothly in the mind and body:

Acetylcholine

Acetylcholine is a parasympathetic neurotransmitter in the brain. I know. it doesn’t really explain things if you aren’t familiar with biology, medicine, toxicology, etc. I will do my best to bridge the gap and put it in such a way that anyone can understand it.

The brain has many important compounds needed to run the body. but for this lesson think of Acetylcholine as say, Windows for a computer. The glue that keeps the system in place to run smoothly. It allows programs to interact with other programs, download information from the net, etc. Much like acetylcholine does within our system. If you removed Windows or OS X from your Computer It would crash.

Parasympathetic means that its actions run “alongside” other transmitters and receptors keeping the nervous systems going. A neurotransmitter is an organic chemical within the brain that relays messages and allows certain functions to occur in the body and mind. Acetylcholine allows calculations and messages to communicate and command important functions autonomously: on its own and without us having to think about it.

Some of these functions include:

  • Muscle coordination
  • Decision making
  • Memory
  • Rest and digest responses
  • Saliva/sweat/digestive glands
  • Breathing
  • Heart rate

It may not be the sole commander in all of these functions but rest assured Acetylcholine makes it all possible. Acetylcholine is a biological necessity in keeping life going.

When we enter sleep, There is a preliminary stage called NREM (Non-Rapid Eye Movement) sleep. In the two stages of NREM sleep, there is light NREM sleep and deep NREM sleep. In both of these stages the brain has been observed to decrease acetylcholine production. Much more in deep NREM sleep than light NREM sleep. But in REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep, the acetylcholine production is high like it is in our waking hours. The acetylcholine in sleep is produced in different parts of the brain than it is in wakefulness, at least that’s what I have come to understand.

Going a step further since the state of REM is so active and transfers to work in a different section of our brain when we wake up we only remember our dreams in detail for a very short amount of time and if we do not write them down we just as easily forget what they were. This is where the memory formation comes into play. When we shut down or restrict the flow of acetylcholine when we are awake (through drugs like scopolamine) we have ‘missing time’ or black outs where memory is very faint or almost not even formed. Perhaps the acetylcholine has switched to the same part of our brain as sleep?

tropane alkaloids: effects on the brain

Tropane alkaloids like Scopolamine, atropine, and hyoscyamine are referred to as anticholinergics. An anticholinergic agent is a drug that breaks down and reduces the flow of acetylcholine in the brain and body. This can be extremely helpful in small doses. In larger doses, however, this can be catastrophic and fatal.

On the smaller scale, tropane alkaloids can be extremely helpful to stomach and digestive problems. With things like stomach ulcers, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, overactive bladder, these are highly effective compounds. Also there are things like overactive sweat glands (hyperhidrosis), or excessive drooling (hypersalivation). These functions are all controlled by the flow of acetylcholine. Reducing the flow of acetylcholine would put the brakes on these overactive processes. So these anticholinergic compounds can work wonders. Motion sickness and nausea can also be treated effectively using tropane alkaloids like scopolamine and hyoscyamine. Perhaps you have used a scopolamine patch on a vacation cruise or in trips where you endure periods of motion sickness.

Mydriasis - poisonpath.com
mydriasis from atropine

Atropine has a wide variety of use not only in ophthalmology to dilate the pupils but also in the military field as an antidote to the chemical agents of nerve gas. When these agents enter the system It disrupts the acetylcholinesterase, The transmitters responsible for the regulation of acetylcholine, therefore flooding the system with excessive amounts of acetylcholine causing the victim to start drooling, constricted pupils and vision problems, involuntary urination (pissing your pants), overproduction of lung/bronchial fluids, respiratory failure resulting in convulsions and death. Atropine will remove this overdose of acetylcholine bringing the victim back from the clutches of death. A poison on its own. A lifesaver for other poisons

.

the poison of the underworld

the tropanes are truly devious in their poisoning effects on the body. For what other ingredients can literally bring you to the gates of Hell before you die?

There was lightning all around me, the sky was ripped apart and clouds sweeping by quickly, they were tinged with red. All around me (its 8.00 pm) the normally deserted park is filled with people; horrible gray shadows with back holes for eyes, there are thousands of them. The trees are dripping with blood and the ground is littered with body parts. These people are laughing at me, but I can only hear them in my head, they scream at me, horrible things about the universe coming to an end. I remember grabbing my head and screaming.”**

Keep in mind this scenery seems entirely real to the person experiencing such a poisoning. Think of it along the lines of a lucid nightmare. Although there is danger in any experimentation with the tropanes, there is a serious danger in experimentation with these compounds when:

A) You are not familiar with how your body tolerates tropane alkaloids.

Your body can be extremely sensitive to these compounds, or resistant causing you to think you need a lot more than it really indicates.

B) When you are just guessing at dosage without any point of reference.

This is by far the most definitive factor in why people end up dead and/or admitted to the ER with extreme delirium and psychosis when messing with the Nightshade plants. As I said before, she enjoys a chance to take advantage of you when you give her that option. She does not play gentle. Guessing at a dosage is just plain stupid.

C) Unaware of the potency of the plant material

Just as in any plant based substance, different strains and species can be vastly different in alkaloid. For instance, Datura stramonium is not nearly as potent as something like Datura discolor or Datura ceratocaula. On top of that some of the same strains grown in different regions or at different times of the year can be quite different potencies. She is unpredictable. That’s my point!

Now I am not suggesting anyone should experiment with the tropanes but I do realize people will do as they wish, so I might as well put some relevant information out there. On the one hand, I think it is extremely irresponsible to play with high doses of these agents without some kind of preliminary testing. When you have no reference point there is simply no way to tell how much devastation it can produce, and this is the anatomy of fatal consequence.

On the other hand, some people exaggerate the danger adding even more ignorance to the topic. Talking about any and all doses like some kind of comic book super-villain does no justice. There are numerous factors that come into play. Some dangerous. Some not so dangerous. But the truth is: there is definitely risk involved in all cases until you know how your body reacts to low doses and how potent your plant material is then there is no telling the outcomes of larger dosage. When small dosage outcome is established, the safer way to go is working up incrementally using the same plant material. By incrementally I mean in baby steps not giant leaps.

Getting to know this plant means understanding it in as many ways as you can. This is why I believe it is important to grow your own plants. For one, you are developing a relationship with this plant. Your loving care for this plant goes a long way with the tropane mistress. I believe in the spiritual aspects involved. You are stupid not to, seeing as though this is a living being. 

Bedroom Belladonna - Tropane Alkaloids
Bedroom Belladonna

I live very closely to all of my plants. Most of my plants live right in my room with me. This may be too close for comfort for some of you. But these plants and their study is pretty much my life so I am more than comfortable being so close to them. These plants enter my dreams quite often. So this has not much difference to me. I prefer it actually.

The Spirit of Lady Nightshade is intense, powerful, some might even say overkill. She is the epitome of power and intensity. Everything she does is characterized by this energy. Dark. Rugged. Raw. If you attempt to communicate or interact with her in an irresponsible manner, she will not respond lightly. Expect a tidal wave of energy. Her elements are no different. How you allow yourself to be directed by this force is no simple task. Curiosity and thrill-seeking are not the means by which to approach these beings. Careless mistakes can be fatal. If its a trip you’re looking for, there are safer substances out there. Of course, you can always grow her and admire her beauty without trying to gain carnal knowledge by ingesting her. Treat her with the proper respect and you will have nothing to worry about.

the antidote

Lets talk about how tropane poisoning is reversed. So we have already established that when someone is poisoned by tropane alkaloids they have restricted the flow of acetylcholine and the system begins to malfunction and ultimately shut down if too much has entered the system.

The initial effects of tropane exposure will be:

  • Dry Mouth
  • Heavy Eyelids
  • Drowsiness
  • Mydriasis (Dilated Pupils)

The deeper exposure will result in:

  • Redness and Flushing of the skin
  • Difficulty walking/balance/muscle coordination
  • Confusion
  • Limited Reaction to External Stimuli
  • Hallucination
  • Delirium/Psychosis

And further exposure will culminate in:

  • Multiple Organ Failure
  • Respiratory Failure
  • Paralysis
  • Coma
  • Death

 

Now, The recognized antidote by the medical industry is Physostigmine which is produced in nature by the calabar bean, also a poison in its own right. The effects are much like nerve gas poisoning:

  • Increased salivation and body fluids
  • constricted pupils
  • Nausea
  • Stomach Pain
  • Headache

So this would be the case if we did not have extreme deficiency of acetylcholine by ingestion of an anticholinergic like scopolamine or atropine. But if a person has ingested these tropanes and the anticholinergics cause the resulting poisoning, administering physostigmine would reverse the effects and put the much needed acetylcholine back into the system.

Another recognized antidote is Pilocarpine. This is a compound isolated from the Pilocarpus genus of plants in South America more commonly called Jaborandi. These are another source of acetylcholinesterase compounds (promoting the flow of acetylcholine).

Another known compound for treating the anticholinergic effect is a drug called scopoletin. This can be isolated from multiple plants like Scopolia, chicory, Artemesia scoparia, Passionflower, and most commonly Brunfelsia. I can personally attest to the fact that Brunfelsia will reverse the initial effects in low doses of tropane alkaloids.

193px-Brunfelsia_grandiflora_2
Brunfelsia grandiflora

Due to stomach/digestive problems, I ingested a small number of Datura stramonium seeds, which I had carefully dosed through numerous small dose experiments. After reaching a medicinal dosage guideline, I ingested a few more for the purpose of this experiment. After a while, My eyelids got heavy, my mouth became fairly dry, and pretty much my whole system dried up. I could drink a lot of fluid with barely any urination. This is what I was aiming for. Next, I made tea with about 15-20 leaves of Brunfelsia grandiflora. Upon drinking this concoction, I could feel my mouth producing saliva again. I could somewhat feel my body producing fluids again. Or rather, I could feel the initial effects of the Datura seeds containing tropane alkaloids reversing as I continued to drink the Brunfelsia tea.

I can’t say for sure how effective this would be at higher levels of tropane exposure. I’m sure you would need to drink a fair amount more than one cup. But this is just my experience at low doses. I would not recommend trying it because as I said before: There is a great amount of Risk involved in consuming high amounts of tropane alkaloids and the same is true of Brunfelsia and scopoletin. My point being, you are walking into uncharted territory and I have no way of telling you what could happen because these are both poisons in their own right!

I hope this post gives you a more in-depth understanding of the Nightshade plants, tropane alkaloids, and their effects on acetylcholine in our brain. I hope you find these plants as awesome and inspiring as I do, but at the same time I hope you approach them with respect as I do. While I do not encourage ingesting them to my audience, I can’t tell you not to because that would be somewhat hypocritical. But what I will say is please, please don’t be foolish by guessing at dosage or thinking you have balls by taking large amounts. These are dangerous compounds. Overdosing and dying is a very real risk. Or maybe worse than dying, permanent psychosis, brain damage, and vision impairment is always another plausible scenario. So if reading this isn’t enough for some of you crazy cats then just please be very, very careful!!

 

 

**taken from ‘Screaming Voices’ report of a belladonna user’s trip entry